The human foot withstands constant increased loads, as the pressure of the entire body weight falls on it. With improper redistribution of the load and increased pressure on certain points of the foot, corns and calluses appear in these places, which, in addition to being uncomfortable when walking, are very painful.
If you do not get rid of them in time and do not take measures to prevent their formation, they harden and become practically removed without surgical intervention.
To preserve the health of the foot, the modern orthopedic industry offers many devices to ensure a comfortable position and correct pressure redistribution. What orthopedic devices are for the legs, and how to use them, you can read in this article:
1. What is a heel pad and what is it for?
2. Construction of heel pads
3. Types of heel pads according to their functions
4. Materials from which heel pads are made
5. How to choose heel pads
What is a heel pad
Heel pads are special inserts that are placed in shoes under the heel to relieve pressure, redistribute pressure, and prevent heel spurs, calluses, corns, abrasions, and cracks. Effective in the stage of formation of pathology when wearing certain models of shoes for prevention and when prone to the formation of spurs.
When inserting a heel pad into shoes, it ensures the lifting of the heel and its correct anatomical location, as a result of which the tension of the placental fascia decreases during movement and the biomechanics of the foot improves.
As a result of the action of heel pads, the following effects are provided:
— Impact load on the heel is reduced;
— The cushioning properties of the foot are improved;
— Blood circulation of the muscles of the foot, lower leg and ligaments is optimized;
— Prevents rapid fatigue of the foot and lower leg;
— Pain in the foot decreases;
— Walking becomes easy and confident
— The mobility of hip and knee joints improves;
— The load on the spinal column decreases
A cushion made of dense material of a uniform structure with a thickness of 3-12 mm, on which the foot rests over the entire plane;
On some models, a hole can be made, which prevents contact of the heel surface with the painful areas of the heel, ensuring its location «on weight»;
The heel pad can be covered with natural leather, pleasant to the touch;
To fix the heels, it often has a board around the heel that prevents it from moving and slipping;
The coating of safe glue ensures a firm fixation of the heel pads in shoes of any model
Peculiarities of the heel according to the functions
There are two types:
— Shock-absorbing heel counter with a heel spur in the center of the pad has a rigid shock-absorbing insert that provides effective massage and relieves shock loads during intense movement — running and walking. Pain sensations, load on the muscles of the feet, lower legs and spinal column are reduced;
— adjusting heel pad in the central part, on the contrary, it has a soft cushion made of gel and edges made of hard material, thanks to which it provides comfort when walking, especially on heels.
Materials are used for production, which provide good cushioning and an optimal microclimate in shoes.
There are heel pads:
From dense silicone;
Made of genuine leather;
From a traffic jam.
The softest and most plastic heel pads are gel. They are used to prevent heel spurs, calluses, abrasions, calluses, cracks on the heels. They stay well in shoes, thanks to their own glue base, made of material safe for health. Well suited for shoes with a low heel, closed and open type.
Silicone heel pads are denser, so compared to gel ones, they have better cushioning properties. Most often, they are made in the form of a wedge, which thickens in the direction from the middle of the foot to the edge of the heel. They relieve the muscles of the foot and lower leg well, ensuring long-term walking without fatigue. It is recommended to use in the presence of calluses and corns that cover more than 1/4 of the foot area.
Latex heel pads are made of natural material — latex, packed in a genuine leather cover. Effective for heel spurs. Such heel shoes are especially comfortable in the summer, as natural materials do not prevent air access, providing an optimal microclimate in the shoes.
Leather heel pads are made of genuine leather and have a small latex insert that provides cushioning. Leather heel pads are the most resistant, however, they are inferior to silicone and gel products in terms of shock-absorbing properties, they are most often used to correct and prevent the development of heel spurs and flat feet.
Cork heels are the hardest. They are most often used for flat feet and a violation of the structure of the spinal column, for example, with compression of vertebrae and compression of nerve endings.
choice of heel shoes
The correct choice of heel pads depends on the existing problem.
The user can choose corrective products independently, using the help of an orthopedic salon consultant.
Features that must be taken into account when choosing:
— Foot dimensions (length, width);
— Anatomical features (lift height, foot shape);
— The condition of the spine, the presence of distortions;
— Growth and weight of the human body.
When choosing medical insoles, it is necessary to consult with an orthopedist, as only a specialist will be able to correctly assess the features and existing pathologies and determine the type and material of the product.
When choosing orthopedic heel pads, which you can buy in specialized salons of the «Your Health» network, you need to take shoes in which they will be placed with you. Then you can accurately try on the insole according to the size of the shoe. A correctly selected insole will provide the correct effect, while its service life will increase significantly.