The occurrence of deformations and pathologies of the feet can be caused by various reasons. These are genetic predisposition, congenital anomalies, wearing shoes with high heels or flat soles and other factors. Orthopedic insoles will help to cope with the disease in childhood and stop its development in adults. Standard models of mass production can be bought in orthopedic salons, pharmacies and specialized stores that offer health products. Orthopedists prescribe custom-made insoles for those whose disease has progressed to a serious stage.
What are the benefits of orthopedic insoles?
The main task of orthopedic devices is to affect deformed or incorrectly formed areas of the feet. Special supinators and pelots raise the vault. In the event that flat feet is diagnosed at an early age, gradual correction occurs thanks to the insoles. They help prevent further deformation, stop the deterioration of cartilage and bone tissues. If the devices are selected correctly, then before the end of growth, the formation of feet, flat feet can be cured. In addition, there are insteps that restore the shape of the foot — guides the growth of tissues and bones in the right direction. This is needed to treat clubfoot or X-shaped feet.
Types of orthopedic insoles
• Preventive — needed by people who prefer model shoes, flat shoes, those who have suffered injuries or operations on the lower extremities. The tabs that support the vault are made of foamed materials, so they are convenient for all users.
• Corrective — prescribed to patients who have already been diagnosed with any type of flat feet. They have a rigid (plastic) instep or a semi-rigid frame. They are considered the most effective products, and wearing them in childhood shortens the healing process.
• Diabetic — they come with a semi-rigid frame, and the material adjacent to the foot is made of shock-absorbing foamed polyethylene (Alps model). There are also flexible gel insoles SofSole or soft devices Pedag Sensitive made of nora ® material help to avoid pronation of the middle section and heel.
• Children’s — have a heel recess, arch support (more often longitudinal). The base of the instep is elastic or semi-hard (from vulcanized latex).
Design of orthopedic insoles
The insoles are made in a factory, and not individually, they have approximately the same structure. The supinator is located from the inside of the sole, raising the rolling zone, there is a recess in the heel. Some models have a pelot to support the transverse arch. For model shoes with a narrow toe or sandals, half-insoles are offered, which do not have a front part — a whip under the toes. This does not affect the properties of the product, as it does not participate in the correction. For people who have not just flat feet, but, for example, flat-valgus deformity, an important element of adaptation is «wedges». Thanks to them, the angle of the position of the feet changes — the heels return from a deviated state.
Features of children’s orthopedic insoles
Many parents are concerned about the question — how to choose orthopedic insoles for a child? Here it is necessary to start from the purposes for which they are needed. Devices are divided into preventive and corrective. The first are made of soft materials, which allows you to avoid the risk of foot deformations. Corrective devices — help in the treatment of flat feet. They are selected strictly according to size and change as the leg grows. Basically, they have the appearance of a half-insole — the toe area remains free. They can be put into any shoes — they do not take up much space, so there is no need to take shoes one size larger. Most often, children’s models of insoles do not have transverse arch support. For children who suffer from flat feet in combination with valgus deformity, frame models with higher sides and a pronounced indentation for the heel are used. To prevent the X-shaped installation of the feet in children’s models, the inner part is thicker than the outer part.
Orthopedic insoles for adults — selection criteria
With flat feet of any type, various orthopedic products are suitable for adults — insoles, half-insoles and insoles. Devices for the correction of transverse flat feet are equipped with a pelot (pad under the toes). In the case of longitudinal — it is necessary to buy a product with an instep that supports the muscles and lifts the arch. For lovers of model shoes or with open toes, thin leather half-soles are suitable. For those whose disease has progressed too far, ordinary insoles may no longer be enough — custom-made devices are needed. They are made specifically for the patient, taking into account the smallest defects of the feet. The same applies to people with valgus deformity of the big step. As a last resort, models of semi-insoles with a hard instep and peloton will be suitable, which will reduce the load on the transverse section and the big toe.
Indications for the use of orthopedic insoles
Doctors recommend wearing shoe inserts in the following cases:
— Flat feet (combined, transverse, longitudinal);
— Deformation (deviation) of the thumb;
— Heel spur;
— Gout, arthrosis and other joint diseases;
— Shortening of the limb;
— Diabetic foot;
— Morton’s neuroma;
— Problems with posture;
— Pain in the lower back, joints, legs, spine.
Insoles for sports
When choosing models for running or other sports, it is important that they effectively reduce the load on the spine and joints (knee, ankle and hip), evenly distributing the weight over the surface of the feet.
1. Gel and silicone are better than leather or suede. Most often, these models are not completely made of gel, but it is located only in the area of the heel and metatarsal, maximally absorbing shocks;
2. With a rigid instep — the reinforced frame of the insoles, such as in the Pedag Viva Sport model for running and all types of fitness, provides perfect arch support. Shock absorbers under the heel soften shock loads, and metatarsal pads under the front arch prevent its flattening.
Devices should have a special impregnation that absorbs moisture and prevents the development of fungi and bacteria.
Wearing orthopedic insoles
Products are selected according to the size of the foot, not shoes! Insert the insole so that the heel rests against the back of the shoe, and the instep and pelot are under the arches of the foot. In the first week, it is not necessary to wear them all day — let your feet get used to them. If you run, you don’t need to immediately feel the insoles on long distances. When the feet adapt, use the insoles every day — this is necessary to achieve a good therapeutic effect. The shelf life of all products varies from 3 to 10 months (written on the packaging). If you see that they begin to deform or the size of the child’s foot increases — immediately replace the products with new ones.