A person’s foot experiences constant increased loads, as the pressure of the entire body weight when walking is applied to it. Therefore, the ability to amortize is one of the most important properties of the foot, which is ensured by the presence of two arches — longitudinal and transverse.
A properly formed foot is one of the keys to the health of the spine, joints and muscles, since with insufficient cushioning, the entire shock load falls on them. Most diseases of the locomotor system arise precisely because of improper redistribution of the load, as a result of which the joints quickly wear out and deform, the vertebrae are displaced, and nerve endings are limited. As a result, humanity suffers from arthrosis, arthritis, radiculitis, disc herniations, acute pain and inflammatory processes in musculoskeletal tissues.
As a result of wearing the wrong shoes, weakening of the calf muscles or due to congenital pathologies, the arch of the foot flattens, resulting in flat feet. If you look at the footprint of a person suffering from flat feet, in the most severe cases, you can see that there are no places where the foot does not touch the floor, while with a correct anatomical structure, the inner and longitudinal arches are raised and do not touch the floor.
To prevent various forms of flat feet, valgus deformity, and X-shaped feet, it is recommended to use orthopedic insoles, they can be made for various shoes — from everyday and elegant to sports. There are separate for transverse, separately for longitudinal and universal insoles — for correcting transverse-longitudinal flat feet.
2 Design features
4 Features of insoles recommended for certain diseases
5 Orthopedic products to order
6 Where to buy
— Stabilize the foot while walking, preventing dislocations;
— redistribute the pressure load on separate areas of the foot and spine;
— They prevent possible deformations of the foot, preventing it from falling to the floor along the entire plane;
— Activate blood circulation, reduce the risk of cramps in the calf muscles;
— Reduces fatigue when a person is on his feet all day.
The transverse arch is supported by the metatarsal cushion, which is located exactly under this part of the foot, and the instep is formed in the area of the inner arch. The heel rests comfortably in a small recess, and the insole is raised in the roll area.
The whip (front part) of the insole does not carry any functional load, because the chip is sometimes shortened. Corrective action is provided by the rear part of the insole.
Special inserts — wedges — are used to change the angle between the foot and the floor. If the wedge thickens to the central point of the insole, it will reduce the angle of the heel leading outwards in relation to the leg.
If two height-adjustable wedges are used — one placed under the heel and the other under the front area of the foot, the insole will correct longitudinal flat feet.
There are 3 types of insoles according to the degree of stiffness:
• Soft, which are most often made of silicone. They are used to support the arches of the foot exclusively for the purpose of preventing deformations. Due to the fact that they are quite soft, with increased loads or a large body weight, the degree of cushioning may not be sufficient. Therefore, during a long walk, the feet and muscles get tired quickly. This insole can be called orthopedic very tentatively, as it has no corrective properties;
• Semi-rigid insoles provide arch support and control. Such insoles are made of harder materials than silicone — foam rubber, genuine leather or polyurethane foam. This variant of insoles can be recommended for the prevention and correction of initial forms of flat feet, as well as with a large body weight;
• Rigid insoles, which are recommended for use when correction of foot deformity is required. Such insoles are made of hard, dense materials — plastic, graphite, sometimes with metal elements. Can be recommended for patients with a large body weight.
When choosing, you must take into account what shoes the insoles are intended for. It is better not to use the same insoles for sports, everyday and model shoes.
— Insoles for daily use must be strictly shoe size. This is the only way to achieve the necessary cushioning effect;
— It is better to choose insoles for model shoes one size smaller. This is due to the fact that occupying a certain volume in elegant elegant models, it reduces the space for the leg, which can lead to discomfort and even the appearance of abrasions;
— Insoles for sports shoes are made of moisture-absorbing, wear-resistant material. This allows you to ensure an optimal microclimate in shoes during intensive sports training.
Features of insoles recommended for certain diseases
In order for the insole to effectively fulfill its purpose and at the same time not cause discomfort, in the case of some diseases, it is necessary to approach its choice with special attention:
• If the patient suffers from diabetes, then a 3-layer insole is best for him, which will reliably protect the skin of the foot from damage. With a diabetic foot, it is necessary to create such conditions for the foot so that there is no friction and excess pressure, which will be provided by a slightly thickened three-layer insole;
• With a heel spur, you can additionally use a silicone heel pad with side edges, which will soften the pressure on the heel, preventing its damage and reducing pain;
• For people suffering from arthritis, arthrosis, gout or other joint diseases, it is recommended to constantly wear insoles that provide additional cushioning and protect the joints from increased shock loads.
Orthopedic products to order
If factory insoles are suitable for the prevention of foot deformities, then it is better to order custom-made insoles to correct already formed flat feet. In the salons of the «Your Health» network, you can order insoles made using modern technologies.
To do this, you need to make an appointment with a specialist who will take the necessary measurements and make a cast.
Custom-made insoles are an effective means of correcting foot deformities, as they are made based on the parameters of a specific user, and not on the average patient. During the examination, measurements and modeling, the orthopedist prescribes the location, direction, and height of the wedges, which play the main role in the formation of the correct arches of the foot.
The production period is up to 7 days, and in the case of an urgent order, up to 1 hour.
Where to buy
Orthopedic insoles can be made to order or bought in the «Your Health» network of salons, where a wide selection of children’s, adult, and sports orthopedic insoles is presented, orthopedist appointments are held, and a specialist in individual manufacturing works.