For the prevention of valgus and varus deformities, various forms of flat feet, prevention of diseases of the spine and joints, experts recommend wearing shoes with orthopedic properties. These models differ from medical shoes, which must be taken into account when choosing.
In this article you will learn:
1. When orthopedic shoes are used.
2. The main differences.
3. When used.
Having understood the difference between preventive and orthopedic shoes, you can understand that these models are used for different purposes:
- Preventive models are necessary to prevent pathologies and correct existing violations, but only in the initial stage. Preventive footwear is necessary for users with joint diseases — arthritis and arthrosis, with impaired venous circulation, as well as patients with a hereditary predisposition to the development of varus and valgus deformities, various forms of flat feet, and those who spend a lot of time on their feet;
- The difference between orthopedic and preventive shoes is that therapeutic models are used for serious disorders — flat feet III, IV degree, as well as for diseases of the bone system, for example, in the case when one leg is shorter than the other
The main differences
The differences between orthopedic and preventive footwear are as follows:
- The insole of preventive shoes is mainly designed for the average user, while the insole in medical models is made based on the characteristics of the foot and the existing problems of a particular patient. The prophylactic insole has an instep, located on the inside of the foot, which supports the longitudinal arch, and a metatarsal cushion in the area of the transverse arch. In medical models, wedges are installed, which ensure the correct elevation of different areas of the foot. The number and angle of wedges may change during correction.
- The butt of preventive models is slightly inflated, while in medical shoes its height can reach the middle of the lower leg;
- The height of the heel of medical products is determined by an orthopedist, in preventive shoes the heel height is 1-2 cm;
- The polyurethane sole bends just enough to provide comfort when walking on uneven surfaces and protect the foot from excessive shock loads.
Knowing how orthopedic shoes differ from preventive shoes, you can understand when they are used.
Orthopedic treatment models are used only on the recommendation of an orthopedist and under his supervision.
Preventive models are used for constant wear, especially for the following disorders:
- With excess weight, when the load on the joints and spine increases;
- In diseases of the joints and spine — arthritis, arthrosis, osteochondrosis, radiculitis;
- With flat feet in the initial stage;
- With varicose veins, swelling and fast-onset fatigue.
Treatment models can be worn without a doctor’s prescription, while preventive models are designed for daily use.