How long should a child wear orthopedic shoes?

How long should a child wear orthopedic shoes?

Special orthopedic shoes are prescribed by a doctor only if children have disorders of the musculoskeletal system. The purpose of such appointment is to correct violations and prevent them. The effectiveness and efficiency of such therapy directly depends on how correctly the pair is selected, and how faithfully the child follows the rules of use.
This material tells about how to wear orthopedic shoes for a child. Also here is the answer to an important question for all parents: how long should children wear orthopedic shoes.

About the efficiency and comfort of shoes

The main factor in such shoes is not only their efficiency, but also their convenience. Especially if we are talking about products for children.
Correctly selected pair:
I really comfortable;
N e interferes, does not oppress;
N e rubs the skin, even with constant use;
P departure for various situations;
WITH modern and looks beautiful;
WITH made of high-quality (most often natural) materials;
P releases air to the skin of the foot;
N likes the child himself.
And the main condition for such a correct selection is the correct selection by size and accounting for all correction tasks. At the same time, shoes can work as anti-valgus or anti-varus. Also correctly selected products should optimally fix the leg. Do not leave gaps, do not allow the foot to «dangle». But at the same time, do not squeeze and do not cause pain, do not impede blood circulation.

About the mode of application

How long should a child wear orthopedic shoes? This question worries all parents of children with disorders of the feet or musculoskeletal system without exception. It is important to know that the process of foot formation continues until the child is about 12 years old. The most intensive formation occurs from the age of 5 to 7. It is important, if there is a violation, to consult a specialist in time and start therapy, even before the age of 5.
The mode of application of shoes is individual. It is prescribed, like the special shoes themselves, by the attending physician. Only he decides how long a specific young patient needs to wear orthopedic shoes. But most often, for the desired result, a pair should be worn constantly, and not for a couple of hours a day, as many uninformed parents believe.
You can not change the conditions for the foot often. It is important that the shoes have a positive effect for a long time, during the day. Only then will the expected effect be ensured.
It is also extremely important to consider the growth of the foot. After all, for example, after the age of 3, the size of a child’s foot increases by half. And from 2 to 3 years — up to two sizes every 4-5 months. This means that the shoes will have to be changed for a new pair. High-quality orthopedic shoes will be both effective and comfortable, and will not create problems in the child’s life. In order to purchase just such, it is important to contact specialized chains of stores that are proven and trustworthy.

How can an adult get orthopedic shoes for free?

Orthopedic shoes for adults are used in case of serious pathologies — IV degree flat feet, diabetic foot with a violation of the correct position of the toes, amputation of the toes and other problems when wearing ordinary shoes is impossible and may lead to the progression of the disorder. Since complex technologies and expensive materials are used for production, such shoes cannot be cheap, so the question often arises of how to get orthopedic shoes for an adult for free.

Documents to receive

Orthopedic shoes can be obtained free of charge by persons who have collected the following package of documents:

  • Identification code, passport;
  • The conclusion of the medical and social expert commission (MSEK), which the user can issue by contacting the polyclinic at the place of residence. He must undergo the necessary medical examination, on the basis of which a conclusion is issued. Such a commission determines for whom free orthopedic shoes for adults;
  • Statement;
  • Individual rehabilitation program.

An application with a package of documents can be submitted in three ways:

  • Through the Administrative Services Center
  • Through the body of social protection of the population (OSZN);
  • Through the electronic account of a user with a disability;

The receiving mechanism

How to get free orthopedic shoes for an adult disabled person will be explained by the employees of the organization, where the application is submitted with a package of documents. They should acquaint the customer with the catalog of products and the list of manufacturing companies from which he chooses the best.

The selected enterprise must agree on the order within 20 days. In case of refusal, he must be motivated. The customer has the right to change the selected manufacturer within 14 days.

The contract with the manufacturing enterprise is concluded by the body of social protection of the population.

To start work on the product, the consumer must provide a referral and sign a contract with the company.

Upon receipt, an act of acceptance of the transfer of the product must be signed.

Knowing how to get orthopedic shoes for adults for free, any citizen of Ukraine can do it on their own by contacting the relevant authority.

It should be understood that such shoes must be prescribed by an orthopedist, who will determine the specifics of the design in accordance with the existing problems.

How to avoid flat feet

How to avoid flat feet

Flat feet is a pathological change in the shape of the foot caused by the lowering of the arch of the foot. Such deformation can develop at different ages. Many are interested in how to prevent flat feet.

In order to prevent the development of foot arch deformity, you should know the main causes of flat feet. One of the most common factors that increase the risk of developing flat feet is improperly selected shoes. The human foot works as a shock absorber, which contributes to the correct redistribution of the load. Uncomfortable shoes, in turn, violate the shock-absorbing abilities of the foot and prevent the redistribution of the load. You can change this by buying orthopedic insoles.

Thanks to this article, you will learn the answers to such questions as:

1. Functions of orthopedic insoles.

2. Simple rules for the prevention of flat feet.

Functions of orthopedic insoles

Orthopedic insoles are designed to prevent pathological changes in the shape of the foot or treat existing deformities. These products contribute to the improvement of shock-absorbing functions of the sole, and also protect the joints of the foot from increased loads.

Orthopedic insoles Spannrit MEMOGEL

Simple rules for the prevention of flat feet

How to avoid flat feet in children? Every step of the child brings joy to the parents. We want the child to feel comfortable and confident. To do this, you should take care of the health of the baby’s legs. Nature has endowed the foot with special strength and elasticity due to the reliable connection of joints, muscles and ligaments. To prevent flat feet from developing in a child, it is important to take care of preserving the anatomical shape of the foot.

Experts have identified several rules that will help avoid flat feet in a child:

  • the right selection of shoes for a child. Shoes should not squeeze or squeeze the foot. During the fitting, ask the child if the product does not press on him. Ask for a walk and then ask again if she feels uncomfortable;

  • after a preliminary doctor’s consultation, purchase preventive orthopedic insoles;

  • walk more barefoot. Don’t be afraid to let your child run barefoot or in socks on the grass or sand. This has a positive effect on the blood supply of the foot and strengthening of the musculoskeletal system of the foot.

What to do so that the child does not have flat feet? Doing sports contributes to maintaining the anatomical position of the arches of the foot. Enroll your child in the ballet or football section. This will help not only to increase the strength of the arch of the foot, but also to strengthen the child’s body in general.

How to get orthopedic shoes for a child?

Free orthopedic shoes for children are used for serious disorders — IV degree flat feet, complex cases of varus deformity and other pathologies in which the use of ordinary shoes with orthopedic properties is ineffective.

Such shoes are made to order, they take into account the peculiarities of the anatomical structure and the degree of impairment. For its production, high-quality materials and the latest technologies are used, therefore, it cannot be cheap.

When similar pathologies arise, users often have a question about how to get free orthopedic shoes for a child.

How many pairs of shoes can you get for free?

A disabled child (up to 18 years old) can receive up to 4 pairs of orthopedic shoes per year:

  • 2 pairs on an insulating lining;
  • 2 pairs without lining.

Documents to receive

The package of documents for free orthopedic shoes is submitted in one of the following ways:

  • Through the body of social protection of the population (OSZN);
  • Through the Administrative Services Center
  • Through the electronic account of a user with a disability.

Orthopedic shoes for children can be obtained free of charge upon presentation of a package of documents, which includes:

  • Birth Certificate;
  • Certificate from the place of residence where the child is registered;
  • Identification code of the child or one of his parents;
  • Confirmation of LCC;
  • Statement;
  • Individual rehabilitation program.

The receiving mechanism

How to get free orthopedic shoes for a child will be explained to the customer by the employees of the organization where the package of documents is submitted. They must provide a list of enterprises engaged in the manufacture of orthopedic shoes and a catalog of products.

Approval by the manufacturer takes place within 20 days. If the company refuses to fulfill the order for some reason, it must motivate its decision. The customer has the right to change the manufacturing company within 14 days after submitting the order.

The social security body places an order for the production of orthopedic shoes.

After receiving the finished shoes, the customer signs the act of acceptance and transfer, but only if he is completely satisfied with its quality.

The difference of children’s orthopedic shoes

Special orthopedic shoes for children differ from ordinary shoes:

  • Orthopedic insole that can be made to order. The insole may have special wedges to lift the foot in certain areas. In the process of correction, the position of the wedges may change;
  • A wide voluminous toe in which the fingers are in a free position;
  • Moderately hard sole that protects the foot from excessive impact load and flat feet;
  • High back, fixing the leg, which prevents dislocations.

Knowing who is entitled to free orthopedic shoes for children, you can go to the polyclinic at your place of residence for an appointment with an orthopedist and undergo an examination to prepare the documents for receiving it.

The bone on the side of the leg hurts — what to do?

The bone on the side of the leg hurts - what to do?

A lump on the side of the leg is a common problem, but not everyone knows why it appears, how dangerous it is, and whether it can be removed. It can grow with valgus deformity of the first toe, which is called «Hallux valgus». It is characterized by the elimination of phalanges in relation to each other. Due to the fact that the first metatarsal bone moves inward, and the big toe moves outward, a bump is formed on its head. Constant pressure causes pain in the bone on the leg, which provokes inflammation of the synovial bag of the joint, called «bursitis». If the unpleasant sensation occurs above the area of ​​the foot, but in the ankle, then the problem is more often associated with a change in the position of the bone.

In this article you will learn:

  1. The reasons for the appearance of a lump on the bone
  2. What causes pain in the bone on the ankle
  3. Methods of treatment

The reasons for the appearance of a lump on the bone

There are various factors that lead to the deviation of the first toe and bunion. In order to prevent and stop the progression of the pathology, you should know about the main causes and eliminate them. The most common of them is transverse flat feet associated with wearing the wrong shoes, namely:

  • High heels — in the feet, which are in a position when their rear part is raised, there is an uneven distribution of the load of the body’s weight on their surface. The greatest load falls on the front part of the foot, due to which it flattens. At the same time, in a fairly short period of time, a woman sees a crooked finger and a swollen leg on the side;
  • A narrow sock — due to this, the fingers are constantly squeezed, are in a physiologically abnormal position, which gradually leads to deformation in the metatarsophalangeal joint of 1 finger;
  • Small size — if the shoes are shorter than necessary, then the unnatural position of the toes leads to bursitis.

Heredity, hormonal disorders, injuries, excess weight can accelerate the development of valgus deformity of the finger and the bump on the joint. All this stimulates the weakening of the ligamentous apparatus of the feet. Improper nutrition can also play a role, in which the body does not receive vitamins and other necessary substances (calcium, magnesium, etc.) necessary for the strength of bone tissues.

What causes pain in the bone on the ankle

Pain in the bone on the ankle can be caused by the removal of the talus bone, which creates not only discomfort, but also causes the development of joint diseases. Pain can also be caused by:

  • Improper shoes with freebies that press and constantly injure the ankle;
  • Damage to ligaments, and in addition to pain, swelling appears, and the heel may turn inward;
  • Fracture — when the heel bone is damaged, it is difficult to stand on it. With a fracture of the metatarsal bones, there is a sharp swelling and a large hematoma, which spreads to the inner part of the ankle. The foot in both cases has a swollen appearance;
  • Dislocation — in addition to pain, a swollen bone on the ankle is noticeable;
  • Joint diseases — gout, arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis.

Methods of treatment

What to do if the bone on the side of the leg hurts? For this, you can use pharmacy ointments or gels. There are also many recipes for various herbal infusions and compresses on the Internet. This allows you to slightly reduce pain, but still the main task is to prevent the progression of the disease. Regardless of why the bone on the leg hurts on the side of the ankle or on the joint of the first toe, the first thing to do is to solve the problem with the shoes. It should press on the problem area. In order to ensure the correct position of the feet and the uniform distribution of the load on their surface, supinator insoles that support the longitudinal and transverse arches should be purchased.

It is impossible to return the bones to the correct position with lotions and ointments, orthopedic devices are needed here — various bandages and splints. Full or partial immobilization with orthoses may be required. A valgus brace with abduction of the finger is necessary for a bump on the knuckle and curvature of the finger. In case of severe pain, an X-ray is taken, after which the doctor prescribes one or another product based on the diagnosis and the degree of deformation.